Seklerland`s tourism

Seklerland - Gate to an enchanted journey

 

The improvement as a tourist product of the values and customs/traditions of Seklerland

Seklerland are the gates of the fairy garden.The fairy garden, the expression"legendary land" refers to the human being living in the region, to the centenary traditions, past and myths of the Sekler-Hungarian communities. To the intelectual contents that appear in front of the discoverer wanderer if he wanders about the region, speaks to the hosts and marvels at the beauty of the worked landscapes and nature. The Sekler man lives with and from the lands, the tree from the woods arisein its traditional gates and sculpture, the decoration of the Sekler gate shows the relation between earth and sky in the tree reaching the sky.

The invitatory, friendly but at the same time respect imperious writing down on the gates notifies : "The landlord of this house is a friendly host who is waiting for the tired guest with open arms."

 

What do the lands of these two counties, the Sekler-Hungarian and Romanian communities offer for the exploring wanderer? The excitement of the adventure and exploration, the calmness of the country and village, the delicious tastes, a new knowledge and conception about the world through the knowledge of the difference of the cultural values. And if the wanderer gets tired while exploring and knowing then he can recharge with the force of the invigorating-healing of the mineral water, his blood is animated by the mofetta and the  bath with gaz, inviting the wanderer for new adventures.

Adventure in nature

(the route and goals of the active tourism)

 

Seklerland belong to pearls of the garden of the Carpathians. Since the various geological structure the mountains of the two counties have their own patrimony mostly with medium size backs of the mountains and crests dominate the region, but that is divided by the basins of the lap and among the mountains, the gates known from ancient times make it passable.

The aptness of the highlands and of the hilly area assured dull life conditions for the Sekler Hungarian and sometimes in patches for the Romanian communities, who assured their subsistence from the woods, pastures, lands of the tame fields, while they defended the country for centuries from the invasions of the hostile armies.

The lands of Seklerland offer variable opportunities for a trip in nature

the orientation is helped by the signed tourist routes int the Kelemen and Görgényi mountains,

on the Hargita, in the masive of Csomád-Büdös, in the Gyergyói mountains and in the Hagymás mountains, in the Háromszéki mountains (Vráncsai mountains), in the Bodoki and Baróti mountains and in the north side of the Persányi mountains, in the Rika. The most spectacular trip routes can be found in the Hagymás mountains decorated with chalkstone cliffs for example from Balánbánya to the Egyes-kő, and from there to the

Öcsém peak, or through the Fehér field to the Gyilkos lake. From the Gyilkostó resort we can walk through the Békási defile, or we can even climb to the Kis-Cohárd , the Gyilkos-kő cliffs, or beside the spectacular boundaries of the Kis-Békás defile and beside the waterfalls we can get to the Háromkút vill or on the Szurdok peak.

With the help of the chalkstone cliffs in the Békási defile the stone walls of the Őrtorony, the Fekete-towerthe Oltár-stone, the Mária-stone, the Csíki-phage and the Kis-Cohárdoffer elementary stone climbing routesjust like the Vargyas defile where the Csala tower, the Réz tower, the Széchenyi stone , the Orgonák and the Galambok tower can be proud of many classic and sport climbing routes.

 

In the same time the Vargyas defile can offer memorable adventures to the lovers of caves, too, since here it is the Homoródalmás Orbán Balázs cave, the Lócsűr, the Tatárlik and some others about 100 less or bigger caves or stone cabins. The Súgó cave which  takes cover in the Gyergyói mountains  becomes more and more known, it is not famous only because of its  stalactite figures, but for having come to lifein cristal chalkstone lens that had rotated in the cristal slate. In the Hagymás mountains there are other caves, vertical caves, in the less known parts of this mountain, as for example in the Likas mountain, below the Fekete – Hagymás, but there , to the surroundings of the Száraz valley,those who love canoying go there mostly.

 

The caves in the Borszék Kerek-szék had formed in chalkstone sweet water, are considered caves with specific origins (Medve and Jeges caves), just like in Ojtoz, the Szél-holes, came to life tectonicaly in the freestone.

 

The vulcanic cones and craters of the masive Kelemen-Görgény-Hargita are less recognizable as the twin crater of  Csomád  with the Szent Anna lake and  Mohos moor, but this masive is attractive since its less, bigger cliff forms  and watch towers not only for the wanderers but for the horsemen and mountain bike peoplealong the wood paths.

The bike excursions are done on he bike routes (the fir tree`s route) in the Sóvidék, along the Nyikó, int he Gyergyó mountains and Hagymás mountains and the Borvíz route in the Alcsík Bazin, in Háromszék the Sepsi greenstreet. For a horse ride or a cart route you can go to Homoródfürdő, Zeteváralja, Gyergyószentmklós, Kálnok, Miklósvár and Dálnok but the excursion routes can be extended  if you please along the forest streets until the ridge.

Those who like the adventure park set up with aerial ropeway they can enjoy it tat Bálványosfürdő and Hargitafürdő.

You can skiin the Görgényi mountains, Maroshévizen, ont he Bucsin peak, Gyergyócsomafalva, in the Gyergyó mountains at Borszék, on the Hargita, ont he Madarasi Hargita, Homoródfürdő, in the surroundings of  Hargitafürdő, in Tusnádfürdő, Sugásfürdő and Kommandó. You can go on a ski route, on a ski run, on  a horse sledge, on a dog sledge on the plain snow covered ridges and on the snow covered forest routes there are excellent conditions for this.

 

Those who prefer to catch a fish can do i tat Homoródszentpál, Sepsibesenyő, Réty pond or at the water storage basin at Zeteváralja, Csíkszépvíz or in the rapid mountain stream they can watch the swimming of the trouts. Erdővidék, the Háromszéki mountains, the Hargita and Görgényi mountains are considered well-known hunting grounds, where you can hunt brown bears, red deer, deer, boar, lynx, wild cat, wolf.

 

The discovery of the region and wildlife

(ecotourism routes and places)

 

The woods where big wild animals live offer lifelong experiences not only for hunters but for the passionate naturalists,too. Next to the bears, deers, boars, wild cats, lynx, wolves, foxes, capercaillies there live less mammals, predators, songbirds that fascinate the hiker. The tourist can study the  plants and animals in their community life if he wanders on one of the many

protected areas , on the ecotourism educational trail. Among the places that contain educational trail are famous the following: Mohos peat moss with the remaining plants from the ice age (round-leaved sundew, peat rosemary, mamorka etc), the Só defile from Parajd with the vegetation that bears the salt and the typical salt karst formation, the educational trail in Zetevár, the educational trails around the Gyilkos lake and the Csíki garden in Gyergyószentmiklós and mainly the Réti shear with its particular plant communities that fix the hursts. It is almost unbelievable that we can find the silk grass (Erősd) from the steppe in the fileds of the two counties or numerous relict plants from the ice age ( besides the Mohos, in the Lucs peat moss, in the Alcsík marshes (from Csíkszentkirály to Tusnád), in the Vasláb Fenek fens, int he Hargita grove, at the Ördög lake, in the Nyíres at Borzont, or precisely in the Dobreanu fen sin Bélbor. Among the protected area there are inside the territory of the Hagymás mountains National Park, the rocks of Békás defile and of the legendary Gyilkos lake that was generated by naturaly impounded with the native (endemic) Astralagus  species.

The Veres stone from Tölgyes is a vegetation reserve, the edge of the caldera of the Kelemen mountains, the dwarf pine and cirbolya pine around the Jézer lake, the daffodil field at Szentegyháza, at Oroszhegy, at Gódra karst, the Sólyom stone in Tusnádfürdő, the marshes of

Lassú branch and Veres water int he Nemere mountains. The Csiga hill in Korond, the opal from Bodvaj, the region of the carbon dioxide and sulfurhydrogen pickings not only in the Vulcanic zone, but far away from that in the ridge of the sandstone  are a multitude of geological and paleontological sites, can mean the basic set of the geotourism.

These latters became known just like the basin sediments, the snail fossils, thanks to the ancient elephant, rhinoceros and mammoth residues which appeared from the lignite sites, enrichening the material of the natural department of the Székely National Museum.

The Tarisznyás Márton Museum in Gyergyószentmiklós has a spectacular mineralogical collection and has also the documentation of the Ditró massif which is known for its rare nepheline syenite.

 

The human living in the region, living traditions

( the routes and aims of the village tourism)

 

The Seklerland are countrified areas, where next to the little and medium towns there are also big and tiny villages.Some regions differ in ethnographical, historical and cultural point of views but basically two nations, the Sekler-Hungarian community, which is an integral part of the Hungarian nation,  and the local communities of the Romaniannation live in the areain some parts there also constituted significant Gypsie communities.The Gyergyó basin and its mount frame includes the former Gyergyószék and the area of Maroshévíz, the latter area is mostly Romanian just like the region of Bélbor and Gyergyóholló with its own costumes, popular songs and music tradition. The Hungarian-Armenian community means a particular ethnographical-historical level in Gyergyószentmiklós, in Csíkszépvíz and partly in Kézdivásárhely also. The Armenians settled down at the end of the XVII century helped the urbanization of these settlements with their developed artisan and commercial traditions. The Csíki basin gave a home to the former Csíkszék while in the upper part of the Tatros the area of the gyimesi csángok creates a particular ethnographical region with a spectacularly rich dance, song and constructive, land use traditions. To the west of Hargita, the former Udvarhelyszék (with Sóvidék,along the Homoród, Keresztúr region) can be worthily proud of the Sekler gate legacy which is the richest treasure buti in this view Al-Csík, Felsőháromszék(Kézdi and Orbai székek) and the Alsó-Háromszék also (Sepsiszék) doesn`t  drop behind. Erdővidék is another little region that reunites the Bardóc and Miklósvár area. These two counties and a part of Maros county form together that cultural-historic region which we call Sekler land and where the Hungarian mother tongue inhabitants form a regional  majority.The Romanian communities live in a significant number in Maroshévíz - Gyergyóholló area, in Hídvég-Előpatak, in Bereck -Kovászna – Zabola, in Bodzaforduló, in Dobolló region, preserving faithfully their old habits for example the Shepherd`s wedding.

 

The rich ethnographical legacy and traditions can be shown not only in museums but in the traditional village communities that filters the effects of modernism where the guest receiving becomes a ritual, a celebration besides the everyday work.The Sekler communities of Seklerland can be proud of the same village guest receiving just like the Romanian speaking communities in the localities of Máramaros, Bucovina, Neamt, Törcsvár, Móc region, or other Hungarian living regions of Romania, Kalotaszeg and Torockó, Koltó or Csernakeresztúr. The village tourism is the most lively in Parajd, Korond, Farkaslaka, Tibód, Zetelaka, Csíkrákos, Gyímes, Gyergyóújfalu, Gyergyócsomafalva, Gelence and Bikfalva and in many other villages. The hosts don`t only expound the region`s  natural and cultural sights to their guests, but they provide an insight into the world of traditional agricultural work and folk art, traditional jobs and rich folklore treasure.

 

The flower patterned, stoloniferous decoration of the Sekler gates sculpted from oak is eye-catching, just like the precision of the geometrical rate of the gates and the traditional Sekler house with its shingled roof. In the farm that is made according to the aims of farming around the house,  man and animal has its own place, the guest can drink fresh stripped milk, the egg comes from the barton, the meat preparation is home made, the vegetable is from the garden, from the fields, as the cheese is brought from the fold by the shepherd, the brandz comes from the local distiller, the wine is brought from further regions in exchange for potatoes. The rhythm of  life develops according to the cycle of nature and the town people slows down int he village lifefor a while, for a few hours, he is charged together with his children with the force of antiquity, of  naturalness.

 

It is very spectacular, offers a funny relaxation to watch the work of the potter man as from the amorphous clay become graceful or masive dishes that are decorated by sedulous women hands with rich flower motives. It is a similar experience watching the formation of  costume pieces, carpets,  clothes made of wool or hemp fiber on the shuttle running on the osztova. As the hammer of the smith makes a horseshoe onthe leg of the pulling horse from a piece of iron. As they make a loaf of bread from the bread dough and that is baked crunchy re din the oven. As the iceof the kürtös bunch becomes like glaze above the cinder. As they dump the hominy on the board from the caldron and fry it with sheep cheese and bacon cubes. Landscape, sounds, smells and tastes from these will be rich the holiday in the country! And if we accompany our hosts from their home to the village, to the Sunday mass or if we stare at the worked landshaking on the haystack – we have the opportunity to see our own life with other eyes.

 

The known days, as New Year`s eve, Carnival, Easter, Pentecost, Christmas mean a special experience and also mean festival preparations that are about not only the people`s religion but also about the following legacy, ancient knowledge and about the tighter attachments to the region and about traditions. The folk songand the folk dance come to life in dance camps and treasure dance contest meetings for e.g. in Gyimesközéplok, Felsősófalva, Kommandó Székelyszenterzsébet where the old people and the animated young people introduce us into the most experience like components of the popular culture.

 

The messages from the past and from the religion: legacy and value conception

(the routes and aims of cultural and religious tourism)

 

On the territories of the two counties the archaeologists explored a lot of  sites proving that in the New Stone age there had already been inhabited some territories, moreover the Erősd culture was named after one locality in Kovászna county. In the rich archeological collection of theSekler National Museum there can be found the material souvenirs belonging to the human beings from the Stone Age, BronzeAge and IronAge, just like the relicts from the Dacian and Roman age, theartefacts from the Migration age and the horse burial souvenirs of the conquering Hungarians were found, too.

 

The territories of the two counties formed the particular border territory of the Middle Age Hungarian Kingdom, the particular legal separatism of the Seklers was secured by the frontier-guard and soldier role. The ruins known today as the archeological monuments are the ruins of the shelter fortress of the Iron Age or the Middle Age (The fortress of Tündér Ilona in Kovászna, theRákoczi fortresses in Ojtoz and Gyimes, the fortress of Bálványos, the fortress of Ika, the fortress of Vápa, the fortress of Herecz, the fortress of Bágyi, Budvár, the fortress of Firtos, the fortress of Tartod, the fortress of Rapsonné, the fortress of Both, Pogányvár in Csíkrákos), the ruins of old churches, chapels (the Tatár chapel in theVargyas defile, the Csonka tower in Csíszenttamás), the remains of the costums houses( in Gyimesek the Pricske customs house). The “Székely támadt” fortress in Székelyudvarhely and the“Székely bánja” fortress in Lécfalva served for the containment of the rebellious Seklers and for the consolidation of thecentral authority (royal, voivod, regal).

 

From the most spectacular fortresses are the mostly intact remained fortresses, castles, mansion houses such as theMikó fortress in Csíkszereda, the Lázár castle in Gyergyószárhegy, the Mikes castle in Zabola, theMikes-Szentkereszty mansion house in Zágon, the Apor mansion house in Torja, the Béldy-Mikes csatle in Uzon, the Mikes castle in Oltszem, the Szentkereszty castle in Árkos, the Kálnoky castle in Miklósvár, the Daniel castle inVargyas and Olasztelek.They bear the traditions of theTransylvanian Renaissance and Baroque world construction just like the little mansion houses have in many villages (Csernáton, Kézdiszentlélek, Torja, Szentkatolna, Bikfalva etc.). But not only some buildings have monumental value but thebuilding groups of some towns such as the town centre of Székelyudvarhely, Székelykeresztúr, Gyergyószentmiklós, and Kézdivásárhely, the buildings surrounding the central park of Sepsiszentgyörgy and the environment of the Mikó fortress in Csíkszereda.

 

A lot of monuments quotes the old times personalities and the historical events, among which the following monuments remind us of the resistance against the Habsburg  domination:the Siculicidium at Mádéfalva, the Székely Nemzetgyűlés monument on the Agyagfalvi meadowand the monument of the battle on the Nyerges peak. The Hármas cross on the Tolvajos peak indicates the border of Csík which is mostly catholic, while the Sekler gate row at Szejkefürdő leads to Orbán Balázs`s grave, the greatest Sekler. The multitud of our architecture vestige reflects the secular past, the change of the styles.

Our Middle Age churches keep gothic casements, inside murals from the XIV-XV centuries among which the most well-known are the wall pictures of Szent László`s legend: at Székelyderzs, Bögöz,Gelence, Sepsikilyén, but are considered a veritable art history dessert the particular drawings of the church tower in Csíkrákos. The castle churches are impressive,they were built  since the Turkish invasions, the walls and bastions of these churches  remained in Sepsiszentgyörgy, Ilyefalva, Árkos, Kézdiszentlélek, Kézdialmás Zabola, Nagyajta, Csíkkarcfalva, Székelyderzs. In the middle of the XVII century the churches, Franciscan monasteries destroyed, set on fire by the Turkish-Tartar hordes had been rebuilt mostly in Baroque style, this style dominates the inside and outside signs of the roman-catholic churches while the puritanism that is specific for the reformed and unitarian churches

had been alloyed with moderate classical marks thegothic memories. While the area of Gyergyó,Csík and Felső-Háromszék remained catholic, in Udvarhelyszék, Erdővidék, Alsó-Háromszék the calvinist (reformed) trend of the protestantism strongly got round completed by the unitarian people developed mostly in Transylvania.While the Hungarian cultural circle had been made colourful by the reformations of  the west christians, the Romanians from the Sekler region carried on with the orthodox traditions and with the east christianity, the marks of the bizantine arhitecture are specific for their churches. Some of the old Romanian churches has a valuable popular arhitectural legacy: e.g. the wood churches in Bélbor and Maroshévíz.

Among the legacy of the religious architecture the chapels, which lye at the sides of the localities or they usually appear on hte top of the mountains, mean a particular color spot e.g. Szent Anna and Jézus Szíve chapels above Gyergyószentmiklós, Szent Jakab chapel above the Olt defile at Csíkrákos or the Szent István chapel on the Perkő peak and not the least the legendary Jézus Szíve chapel in Székelyudvarhely, the pride of Gyilkostó resort, the Szent Kristóf chapel, dedicated to the wanderer`s saint patron. The Franciscan have monasteries in Csíksomlyó,Gyergyószárhegy, Székelyudvarhely, Esztelnek, and the orthodox

have newer monasteries in Maroshévíz, Marosfő, Márkos.

 

Among the religious events the orthodox celebrate in particular the days of Szűz Mária, Szent Illés, Szent Ilona and Konstantin, Szent Piroska, as for the catholic Seklers celebrate primarily the Mária cult. The Mária altar in Csíksomlyó attracts hundreds of  thousands pilgrims at the Pentecost votive farewell but the farewell of churches is on the day of Sarlós Boldogasszony and Mária. Significant pilgrim places are the chapel of Szent Anna lake on Anna`s day,the Mária altar at Futásfalva and the Per stone in Szent István farewell.

Nowadays is constructed the Mária road pilgrim route that connects the austrian Mariazell to Csíksomlyó by the Mária cult. Themultitude of cultural events varies the cultural touristic offer of the two counties, besides the different town days (the biggest is the Szentgyörgy days) the days of Székelyföld (Maros,Seklerland) are more and more significant and other big events like the 1000 Sekler girl meeting and the Old Music Festival in Csíkszereda, in Gyergyószentmiklós the Colloquium of the Minority Theatres, in Gyergyószárhegy the formation camps, folclor festivals e.g. at Szejke in Székelyudvarhely.

Specialeventsare the gastronomy festivals,e.gin Parajd the Stuffed Cabage,in Csíkszereda the Potato, in Bálványos the Pig Slaughter festivals.

Among the sport contests there are the following outstanding events the Sekler Bike race,the Sekler ski running race, the hockey matches in Csíkszereda, or the Székely vágta horse race which becomes more and more popular, chariot race and dog sledge races.

 

The Sepsiszentgyörgy, Csíkszereda, Székelyudvarhely, Gyergyószentmiklós                                             troups are the organizers of the cultural life just like the Cultural Centre of Kovászna and the three branches of the Cultural Centre of Hargita county, the culture houses in many localities and the multitude of the amateur tradition keeper associations. The Háromszék,the Hargita groups are professional folk dance groups. The museums show not only the past relics but they also enrich with museum activities the cultural offers of the region: The Székely Nemzeti Muzeum and the Keleti-Kárpátok Museum in Sepsiszentgyörgy, the Céhmuzeum known for its costumes wearing doll collection in Kézdivásárhely, the Haszmann Pál ethnographical museum in Csernáton is known for its old agricultural machinery exposition and wood carving – furniture painter folk high school,the Erdővidék Museum in Barót, the Csíki Székely Museum in Csíkszereda, the Tarisznyás Márton Museum in Gyergyószentmiklós, the Haáz Rezső Museum in Székelyudvarhely, the Molnár István Museum in Székelykeresztúr. All these are completed by the memorial houses of some famous people and many region houses.

 

We can mention the following personalities  without the need for completeness who increased with their public, military, technical, academic, literary and art activities the Hungarian culture: BenedekElek, Kriza János, Benkő József, Gábor Áron, Mikes Kelemen Kőrosi Csoma Sándor, Barabás Miklós, Mikó Imre, Szentkatolnai Bálint Gábor, Ignácz Rózsa

Apor Péter, Bod Péter, Dózsa György, Gál Sándor, Tamási Áron, Orbán Balázs, Márton Áron etc. Their memories are kept bythe names of the memorial houses, sculptures in public places, schools and cultural associations, on their anniversary the communities remind their activities.

The Children`s philharmony in Szentegyháza and the knight tradition keepers found in many regions, who participate in the historical games organized in the different parts of the country, in the military tradition keeper events, they represent the tradition keeping particular color patches.

 

Freshness from nature,mineralwater and mofetta

( the locations of the healing tourism)

 

Seklerland: the land of mineral water and mofetta. Hargita county was named after the volcanic originated mountain, Kovászna  resort and the county named after it were given their names after the sour waters ( the meaning of the Slavic "kvas" word is sour water) that appeared as a result of the volcanic after operation. The hydrogeological professional literature indicates the region with the so called mofetta garden ( aureola vulcanica) expression, the region where the dioxide carbon in gas flow forms gushes out to the surface and where it meets with water closing stratums, there it appears together with mineral water. Many geographical names refer to the gas eruption: Buffogó marsh, Büdös cave, Madártemető, Bugyogó spring, Pokol mud, Pokol valley etc. The volcanic zone includes the Kelemen-Görgényi-Hargita sierra and the Csomád-Büdös mountain group separated by the Tusnád defile and as a separate volcanic cone the Nagy – Somlyó above Csíksomlyó. Along the fractures, the fault lines of the earth’s crust conduct the dioxidcarbon gas, containing hydrogen sulphide at times at more than ten kilometers from the cooled magma chamber of the former volcano. So we can meet mofetta and mineral water in many area on which folk baths, stinking pits or even local and national healing bath resorts are organized.

We can summarize in the following the mineral water areas of the two counties. The Bélbor and Borszék basin area lying in the clench of the Kelemen, Beszterce Gyergyó mountains, the ever most well known resort of Transylvania lying from Kis-Beszterce valley until Gyergyótölgyes, Borszék which is famous for its bottled water and the also liked bottled Bélbor water and gives place to the emergence of this water. We can enjoy the effects of the beneficient water cure of the mineral waters in the modern aqua parks in the near future, but in Borszék we can enjoy the mineral water only in popular bath, but in the form of drinking cure we can drink from the many mineral water fountains. Maroshévíz calls us with its two lukewarm mineral water swimming pool (Bánffy and Urmánczy) at the east entrance of the Upper Maros eruption. The mineral waters, from the Gyergyó basin in Gyergyócsomafalva and in Gyergyóújfalu and a little bit to the north at the border of  Gyergyóremete, have a pleasant and invigorating taste as a drinking water. In Gyergyócsomafalva the renewed folk swimming pool building has been already built. The line of the headwaters lies on the east edge of the Felcsík and Középcsík basin from Ajnád till Csíksomlyó, from Csíkszenttamás on the line of Karcfalva, Csíkdánfalva, Csíkmadaras, Csíkrákos, Madéfalva, (folk swimming pool), Csíkszereda and Zsögödfürdő (swimming pools).

 

The Alcsík basin is the richest in mineral water headwaters. The water is also bottled in Csíkszentkirály, but the mineral water swimming pool of  Borsáros bath has been built, the inhabitants and those who live nearby take the water for home use from the Borsáros marsh. The east edge waters of the basin erupt to the surface at the feet of the Csíki mountains (from Csíkszentgyörgy to Nagytusnád), the waters of its west edge erupt to the surface along the Olt line (from Csíkszentkirály to Tusnádfürdő through Újtusnád). In Nagytusnád is a little mineral water museum, in Újtusnád is a bottle filling factory, in Lázárfalva is the Nyírfürdő, in Csíkkozmás is the Sószékfürdő that turns to profit the boiling waters. The only balneary and national resort of Hargita county, that not only has a patina past but also expects the guests, desired to heal and to invigorate with an aqua park on the beach of Csukás lake (the former place of the culture house) and with high quality facilities, lies in a picturesque environment in the Tusnádi defile. Its advices are drinking cure and bath cure which refer to the treatment of the locomotor organ, heart and blood vessels complaints. The Büdösfürdő at Csíkszentimre, lies on the spine of the Dél Hargita which is famous for its mofettas, its folk bath can receive its guests, who desire to relax, soon, renewed.

 

The Kászoni basin forms a separate region with the former bottled waters of Kászonjakabfalva, Kászonimpér and Kászonfeltíz, waters that are used mostly and only by the locals nowadays but the perspectives of their usage, be from the point of view of bottle filling or bath construction, are promising. The most popular mineral water places of the below Háromszék sector of the Olt are the edges of the Bükkszád basin ( mineral water swimming pools along the Zsombor creek in the chillyness of the cadent wood, the former popular Málnásfürdő (for stomach aches), the bottled drinking waters of Sepsibodok.

 

The headwater line lies from the east part of the Bodoki mountain, from the solfata like mofetta of the Büdös cave, through the many kind of waters swimming pools and drinking headwaters of Bálványosfürdő, through Torja till Kézdiszentkereszt Pojana, than after the little baths of the Kézdivásárhely basin (Kézdimarton, Fortyogó, Hatolyka) follows the national balnear resort of Kovászna bath town  with its famous heart hospital, with the erupting mineral waters in the town centre and the Pokol mud, with the mofettas.

 

We find waters for bath cure and drinking cure near Sepsiszentgyörgy, the headquarter of Kovászna county, on these basis developed the local interest Sugásfürdő and the former european famous Előpatak on the south site of the Baróti mountain. The surroundings of Barót town is also full of the different mineral waters that are the most famous in Uzonkafürdő, Bibarcfalva, ( where there is  a bottle filling factory) and in the valley of Vargyas and Kormos. On the crest of Hargita, at Hargitafürdő, on its west falls, on the Vargyas and Homoród headwater region there are popular places: the swimming pool of lukewarm water of the Majzos in Szentegyháza, Székelyszeltersz, Kirulyfürdő and mostly the little resort Homoródfürdő next to the main road.

 

The effects of the gas fields and the mofetta garden in the area of the Udvarhely basin of the Transylvanian basin constitute on each other, so the waters of Szejkefürdő have a particular taste and odor, near Székelykeresztúr we can find salted waters. In the Sóvidék basin, the waters in the surroundings of Korond are still moderate for the drinking cure, but in Parajd, next to the salt mountain, thermal water erupts, this is used by the village swimming pool and the new aqua park expecting the inauguration. Parajd became known primarly thanks to the salt mine which is appropriate for the cure of the respiratory and allergic complaints, where annually more than ten thousand children and grown-ups take part in the salt teraphy. Parajd region is one of the most searched for places of the foreign traffic together with Szováta`s salt lakes in Maros county.

 

As a summation we can say that: the counties of Hargita and Kovászna have numerous natural and cultural values that are partly, already turned to profit by the foreign traffic,  but it is much bigger the treasure that for you, kind guests will be useful in the near future.

 

So come to Székelyföld in Seklerland, explore the garden of the Carpathians and the humans living together with the region!